HY-1110 Unit 1

Identify the three cultural regions of North America directly preceding colonization. Note one group for each area and describe its culture and the distinctive traits that defined the communities it created.Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Selected Answer: The Southwest region was an arid climate that experienced very little rain fall. This made cultivation impossible. However, there were a number of rivers making possible irrigation farming along their courses. Desert farmers cultivated corn, beans, squash and cotton and traded throughout the southwest. Within this region lived the Pueblo people. The Pueblo people were committed to communal living.

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The South region had a mild, moist climate. This enabled the Indian people to farm, fish and hunt. Their communities consisted of small villages to large towns. The Natchez communities lived on the Mississippi where they farmed. They were a ranked society with nobility ruling over majority. The communities were unstable and most collapsed. Thousands migrated to the hill country. They banded together and formed communities in confederacies which would prove more resilient.

The Northeast region was a colder climate which consisted of coastal plains, mountain highlands, great rivers, lakes and valleys. The Iroquois were among the first northeastern people to adopt cultivation. There were five Iroquois nations and history tells us there were conflicts over territory between the nations. To control the violence the five nations established a confederacy. Each nation occupied a separate hearth but acknowledged a common mother. The Iroquois women played an important role in the confederacy by choosing the male leaders to represent their lineages….